The general surgery residency began at Mbingo in 2005 and receives resident physicians from across Africa. It is operated in conjunction with the Pan African Academy of Christian Surgeons. The first residents graduated in June 2011. Two American board-certified general surgeons lead the residency. Surgical residents also rotate working under the faculty sub-specialists of orthopedics, ENT/maxillofacial, and obstetrics/gynecology. Volunteers routinely teach other subspecialties including urology, pediatric surgery, and surgical oncology. The five-year program currently has nine residents from four African countries. The curriculum is similar to the United States with both formal lecturing and hands-on training